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Teppo-gumi hyakunin-tai, or the Hundred-Member Gun Squad, was founded by Tokugawa Ieyasu to defend his shogunate in the newly established capital of Edo. The squad was stationed in Shinjuku in an area named in its honor and known today as Hyakunin-cho (hundred-member town).
This Hyakunin-cho is home to the Kaichuinari-jinja Shrine, where many vassals of the squad visited to pray that their every shot hits the target. People later established the shutsujin-shiki fair to commemorate the gun squad and also as thanksgiving for the luck bestowed by the shrine.
Today, the fair is held every odd year. Men clad in armor and helmet parade the neighborhood of Hyakunin-cho, test fire matchlock guns and give public demonstrations of battle field exercises.
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