For many Tokyo travellers, it's the modern, glitzy and neon that first grab your eye, the city a sprawling technotropolis hinting at future possibilities. Spend any amount of time here, however, and her pockets of green, from meticulously manicured gardens to open outdoor spaces, will seduce you.
A city as densely populated as Tokyo needs vast open spaces for outdoors fun, relaxation and tranquil reflection. Take a solitary stroll around the grounds of Hibya Park, Japan's first western-style modern park, or Shinjuku Gyoen National Garden. Discover the meaning of sports and leisure at Kasai Rinkai Park or Koganei Park. Feeling social? Mingle with the locals at Ueno Park, Inokashira Park or Yoyogi Park, famous cherry-blossom viewing party hotspots and prime for people watching, in spring.
Glimpse back into time with a visit to Japan's traditional gardens. Many were once the relaxation spaces and playgrounds of former daimyo warlords and nobility. Visit these meticulously landscaped gardens, some inspired by famous literary scenes, for their seasonal plants and flowers, elegant tea-houses and classic water features. Examples include Hama-rikyu Gardens, Koishikawa Korakuen Gardens and Rikugien Gardens, among others.
Japan's indigenous Shinto religion dictates a deep respect for nature and where better to respect the deities than at Tokyo's temple gardens or shrine parklands? The most famous of these is forested Meiji Jingu, where thousands of trees were donated from people all over the country at the time of the shrine's establishment. Other shrine and temple gardens are strictly seasonal, so plan your visit accordingly. The weeping wisteria at Kameido Tenjin Shrine which bloom from April and the brilliant azaleas at Nezu-jinja Shrine are cases in point.
In stark contrast to Tokyo's artfully arranged and perfectly pruned Japanese-style gardens are wild and woolly environs where traces of untouched nature remain. Visit peaceful Todoroki Valley in Setagaya Ward to wander among the trees and reconnect with nature, or head to Meguro's Rinshinomori Park, to explore the forests, grasslands, ponds, and wetlands where plants, insects, birds, and other creatures live.
Most of Tokyo's parks and gardens are family-friendly, yet some offer added extras with junior visitors in mind. To wit: Spacious Showa Kinen Park, on the outskirts of Tokyo, features age-appropriate playgrounds and a mini-train to zip you around, while Futagotamagawa Park boasts a toddler-suitable play space and a huge, grassy area, suitable for ball play and picnics. Don't forget the chance for water play during summer and cool down under the seasonal water fountains at Nakano Central Park.